Neuroactive gonadal drugs for neuroprotection in male and female models of Parkinson's disease.

TitleNeuroactive gonadal drugs for neuroprotection in male and female models of Parkinson's disease.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuteursLitim, N, Morissette, M, Di Paolo, T
JournalNeurosci Biobehav Rev
Date Published2016 Aug
KeywordsAnimals, Disease Models, Animal, Dopamine, Estrogens, Female, Humans, Male, Neuroprotection, Neuroprotective Agents, Parkinson Disease

The existence of sex differences in Parkinson's disease (PD) incidence is well documented with greater prevalence and earlier age at onset in men than in women. These reported sex differences could be related to estrogen exposure. In PD animal models, estrogen is well documented to be neuroprotective against dopaminergic neuron loss induced by neurotoxins. Using the 1-methyl 4-phenyl-1,2,3,6 tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) mouse model, we showed that several compounds are neuroprotective on dopaminergic neurons including estrogen, the selective estrogen receptor modulator raloxifene, progesterone, dehydroepiandrosterone, the estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) agonist PPT as well as the G protein-coupled membrane estrogen receptor (GPER1) specific agonist G1. Accumulating evidence suggests that GPER1 could be implicated in the neuroprotective effects of estrogen, raloxifene and G1 in collaboration with ERα. We recently reported that the 5α-reductase inhibitor Dutasteride is also neuroprotective and could bring an alternative to estrogens for therapy in male. Additional studies are needed to optimize therapies with these gonadal drugs into safe personalized treatments according to sex for treatment of PD.

Alternate JournalNeurosci Biobehav Rev
PubMed ID26708712