Differential Expression Patterns of TDP-43 in Single Moderate versus Repetitive Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Mice.

TitleDifferential Expression Patterns of TDP-43 in Single Moderate versus Repetitive Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Mice.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuteursJanković, T, Dolenec, P, Bumber, JRajič, Gržeta, N, Kriz, J, Župan, G, Pilipović, K
JournalInt J Mol Sci
Volume22
Issue22
Date Published2021 Nov 11
ISSN1422-0067
KeywordsAnimals, Brain Injuries, Traumatic, Disease Models, Animal, DNA-Binding Proteins, Female, Gene Expression Regulation, Hippocampus, Male, Mice
Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a disabling disorder and a major cause of death and disability in the world. Both single and repetitive traumas affect the brain acutely but can also lead to chronic neurodegenerative changes. Clinical studies have shown some dissimilarities in transactive response DNA binding protein 43 (TDP-43) expression patterns following single versus repetitive TBI. We explored the acute cortical post-traumatic changes of TDP-43 using the lateral fluid percussion injury (LFPI) model of single moderate TBI in adult male mice and investigated the association of TDP-43 with post-traumatic neuroinflammation and synaptic plasticity. In the ipsilateral cortices of animals following LFPI, we found changes in the cytoplasmic and nuclear levels of TDP-43 and the decreased expression of postsynaptic protein 95 within the first 3 d post-injury. Subacute pathological changes of TDP-43 in the hippocampi of animals following LFPI and in mice exposed to repetitive mild TBI (rmTBI) were studied. Changes in the hippocampal TDP-43 expression patterns at 14 d following different brain trauma procedures showed pathological alterations only after single moderate, but not following rmTBI. Hippocampal LFPI-induced TDP-43 pathology was not accompanied by the microglial reaction, contrary to the findings after rmTBI, suggesting that different types of brain trauma may cause diverse pathophysiological changes in the brain, specifically related to the TDP-43 protein as well as to the microglial reaction. Taken together, our findings may contribute to a better understanding of the pathophysiological events following brain trauma.

DOI10.3390/ijms222212211
Alternate JournalInt J Mol Sci
PubMed ID34830093
PubMed Central IDPMC8621440
Grant ListIP-2016-06-4602 / / Croatian Science Foundation /
uniri-biomed-18-199 / / University of Rijeka /