Dietary intakes in the nutritional management of gestational diabetes mellitus.

TitleDietary intakes in the nutritional management of gestational diabetes mellitus.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuteursMorisset, A-S, Côté, JAnne, Michaud, A, Robitaille, J, Tchernof, A, Dubé, M-C, Veillette, J, S Weisnagel, J
JournalCan J Diet Pract Res
Volume75
Issue2
Pagination64-71
Date Published2014 Summer
ISSN1486-3847
KeywordsBirth Weight, Diabetes, Gestational, Diet, Energy Intake, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, National Academies of Science, Engineering, and Medicine, U.S., Health and Medicine Division, Patient Compliance, Patient Education as Topic, Practice Guidelines as Topic, Pregnancy, Pregnancy Trimester, Third, Quebec, Recommended Dietary Allowances, Surveys and Questionnaires, United States, Weight Gain
Abstract

PURPOSE: Changes were examined in energy intakes and percentage of energy from macronutrients in response to nutritional intervention in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM).METHODS: The study included 17 women with GDM and 27 women with normal glucose tolerance (controls). Women with GDM were followed by a multidisciplinary team; they received dietary counselling by a registered dietitian, and were prescribed diets with 40% to 45% energy from carbohydrate (CHO), 20% to 25% from protein, and 30% to 35% from fat. Dietary intakes were assessed with food frequency questionnaires before the intervention (26.9 ± 3.8 weeks) and after the intervention (32.6 ± 0.6 weeks).RESULTS: After the intervention, women with GDM reduced their total energy intake to reach lower values than did controls (P value for time-group interaction =0.05). A concomitant reduction in total CHO and glucose intakes in women with GDM led to significantly lower values compared with intakes in controls (P values for time-group interaction =0.001 for all). The post-intervention rate of weight gain in women with GDM was within the Institute of Medicine (IOM)-recommended values, while the post-intervention rate of weight gain in controls was above IOM-recommended values (0.30 ± 0.27 versus 0.61 ± 0.50 kg/week, P≤0.05).CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that this multidisciplinary medical and nutritional intervention was effective in the achievement of prescribed macronutrient distribution and controlling gestational weight gain in Canadian women with GDM.

DOI10.3148/75.2.2014.64
Alternate JournalCan J Diet Pract Res
PubMed ID24897011