Alteration in global motor strategy following lateral ankle sprain.

TitleAlteration in global motor strategy following lateral ankle sprain.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuteursBastien, M, Moffet, H, Bouyer, LJ, Perron, M, Hébert, LJ, Leblond, J
JournalBMC Musculoskelet Disord
Volume15
Pagination436
Date Published2014 Dec 16
ISSN1471-2474
KeywordsAdult, Ankle Injuries, Humans, Male, Postural Balance, Psychomotor Performance, Sprains and Strains, Young Adult
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Lateral ankle sprain (LAS) has often been considered an injury leading to localized joint impairments affecting the musculoskeletal system. Persistent chronic ankle instability and bilateral alterations in motor control after a first ankle sprain episode suggest that the origin of relapses might be a maladaptive reorganization of central motor commands. The objectives of this study were (1) to compare the quality of motor control through motor strategy variables of two groups (with and without LAS) from a military population (n = 10/group), (2) to evaluate the contribution of the lower limbs and the trunk to global body strategy and (3) to identify which global variable best estimates performance on the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) for each group, reaching direction, and lower limb.METHODS: Personal and clinical characteristics of the participants of both groups were collected. Their functional ability was measured using questionnaires and they performed a series of functional tests including the SEBT. During this test, the maximal reach distance (MRD) and biomechanical data were collected to characterize whole body and segmental strategies using a 3D motion capture system.RESULTS: At maximal lower limb reach, participants with LAS had a smaller variation in their vertical velocity in lowering-straightening and lowered the body centre of mass less for all injured limb conditions and some conditions with the uninjured lower limb. The global body centre of mass variables were significantly correlated to SEBT performance (MRD).CONCLUSION: Modifications in global motor strategies were found in participants with LAS as well as a decreased performance on the SEBT for the injured and uninjured lower limbs. These results support the hypothesis that following LAS, there may be a maladaptive reorganization of the central motor commands.LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3b.

DOI10.1186/1471-2474-15-436
Alternate JournalBMC Musculoskelet Disord
PubMed ID25515309
PubMed Central IDPMC4300726
Grant List / / Canadian Institutes of Health Research / Canada