Activity of the principal cells of the olfactory bulb promotes a structural dynamic on the distal dendrites of immature adult-born granule cells via activation of NMDA receptors.

TitleActivity of the principal cells of the olfactory bulb promotes a structural dynamic on the distal dendrites of immature adult-born granule cells via activation of NMDA receptors.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuteursBreton-Provencher, V, Côté, DC, Saghatelyan, A
JournalJ Neurosci
Volume34
Issue5
Pagination1748-59
Date Published2014 Jan 29
ISSN1529-2401
KeywordsAdult Stem Cells, Animals, Dendrites, Excitatory Amino Acid Agonists, Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists, Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials, Gene Transfer Techniques, Green Fluorescent Proteins, Iontophoresis, Male, Membrane Potentials, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, N-Methylaspartate, Neurons, Odorants, Olfactory Bulb, Patch-Clamp Techniques, Pseudopodia, Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate, Statistics, Nonparametric, Time Factors, Time-Lapse Imaging
Abstract

The adult olfactory bulb is continuously supplied with neuronal precursors that differentiate into granule and periglomerular cells. Little is known about the structural dynamic of adult-born granule cells (GCs) at their different maturational stages, the mechanisms controlling the integration of new neurons into the pre-existing neuronal circuitry, or the role of principal cell activity in these processes. We used two-photon time-lapse imaging to reveal a high level of filopodia formation and retraction on the distal dendrites of adult-born GCs at their early maturational stages. This dynamic decreased as the adult-born interneurons matured. Filopodia formation/retraction on the dendrites of adult-born GCs at the early maturational stages depended on the activation of NMDA receptors (NMDARs). The stimulation of mitral cells using a pattern that mimics activity of these principal neurons to odor presentation promotes the NMDAR-dependent filopodia dynamic of adult-born GCs during their early but not late maturational stages. Moreover, NMDA iontophoresis was sufficient to induce the formation of new filopodia on the distal dendrites of immature adult-born GCs. The maturation of adult-born interneurons was accompanied by a progressive hyperpolarization of the membrane potential and an increased Mg(2+) block of NMDARs. Decreasing the extracellular Mg(2+) concentration led to filopodia formation on the dendrites of mature adult-born GCs following NMDA iontophoresis. Our findings reveal an increased structural dynamic of adult-born GCs during the early stages of their integration into the mouse bulbar circuitry and highlight a critical period during which the principal cells' activity influences filopodia formation/retraction on the dendrites of interneurons.

DOI10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3013-13.2014
Alternate JournalJ. Neurosci.
PubMed ID24478357
Grant List / / Canadian Institutes of Health Research / Canada