Validity and Reliability of Wearable Sensors for Joint Angle Estimation: A Systematic Review.

TitleValidity and Reliability of Wearable Sensors for Joint Angle Estimation: A Systematic Review.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsPoitras, I, Dupuis, F, Bielmann, M, Campeau-Lecours, A, Mercier, C, Bouyer, LJ, Roy, J-S
JournalSensors (Basel)
Date Published2019 Mar 31

Motion capture systems are recognized as the gold standard for joint angle calculation. However, studies using these systems are restricted to laboratory settings for technical reasons, which may lead to findings that are not representative of real-life context. Recently developed commercial and home-made inertial measurement sensors (M/IMU) are potentially good alternatives to the laboratory-based systems, and recent technology improvements required a synthesis of the current evidence. The aim of this systematic review was to determine the criterion validity and reliability of M/IMU for each body joint and for tasks of different levels of complexity. Five different databases were screened (Pubmed, Cinhal, Embase, Ergonomic abstract, and Compendex). Two evaluators performed independent selection, quality assessment (consensus-based standards for the selection of health measurement instruments [COSMIN] and quality appraisal tools), and data extraction. Forty-two studies were included. Reported validity varied according to task complexity (higher validity for simple tasks) and the joint evaluated (better validity for lower limb joints). More studies on reliability are needed to make stronger conclusions, as the number of studies addressing this psychometric property was limited. M/IMU should be considered as a valid tool to assess whole body range of motion, but further studies are needed to standardize technical procedures to obtain more accurate data.

Alternate JournalSensors (Basel)
PubMed ID30935116
PubMed Central IDPMC6479822