Cost-effectiveness of telephone cognitive behavioral therapy for osteoarthritis-related insomnia.

TitleCost-effectiveness of telephone cognitive behavioral therapy for osteoarthritis-related insomnia.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsYeung, K, Zhu, W, McCurry, SM, Von Korff, M, Wellman, R, Morin, CM, Vitiello, MV
JournalJ Am Geriatr Soc
Date Published2022 01
KeywordsAged, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Cost-Benefit Analysis, Female, Humans, Male, Osteoarthritis, Patient Health Questionnaire, Quality-Adjusted Life Years, Single-Blind Method, Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders, Telephone

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis-related insomnia is the most common form of comorbid insomnia among older Americans. A randomized clinical trial found that six sessions of telephone-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) improved sleep outcomes in this population. Using these data, we evaluated the incremental cost-effectiveness of CBT-I from a healthcare sector perspective.METHODS: The study was based on 325 community-dwelling older adults with insomnia and osteoarthritis pain enrolled with Kaiser Permanente of Washington State. We measured quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) using the EuroQol 5-dimension scale. Arthritis-specific quality of life was measured using the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC). Insomnia-specific quality of life was measured using the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and nights without clinical insomnia (i.e., "insomnia-free nights"). Total healthcare costs included intervention and healthcare utilization costs.RESULTS: Over the 12 months after randomization, CBT-I improved ISI and WOMAC by -2.6 points (95% CI: -2.9 to -2.4) and -2.6 points (95% CI: -3.4 to -1.8), respectively. The ISI improvement translated into 89 additional insomnia-free nights (95% CI: 79 to 98) over the 12 months. CBT-I did not significantly reduce total healthcare costs (-$1072 [95% CI: -$1968 to $92]). Improvements in condition-specific measures were not reflected in QALYs gained (-0.01 [95% CI: -0.01 to 0.01]); at a willingness-to-pay of $150,000 per QALY, CBT-I resulted in a positive net monetary benefit of $369 with substantial uncertainty (95% CI: -$1737 to $2270).CONCLUSION: CBT-I improved sleep and arthritis function without increasing costs. These findings support the consideration of telephone CBT-I for treating insomnia among older adults with comorbid OA. Our findings also suggest potential limitations of the general quality of life measures in assessing interventions designed to improve sleep and arthritis outcomes.

Alternate JournalJ Am Geriatr Soc
PubMed ID34633061
PubMed Central IDPMC8742775
Grant ListR01 AG053221 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States
R01AG053221 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States