Additive effects of orchiectomy and intermittent hypoxia on lung mechanics and inflammation in C57BL/6J male mice.

TitleAdditive effects of orchiectomy and intermittent hypoxia on lung mechanics and inflammation in C57BL/6J male mice.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsGanouna-Cohen, G, Khadangi, F, Marcouiller, F, Bossé, Y, Joseph, V
JournalExp Physiol
Volume107
Issue1
Pagination68-81
Date Published2022 01
ISSN1469-445X
KeywordsAnimals, Disease Models, Animal, Hypoxia, Inflammation, Lung, Lung Diseases, Male, Mice, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Orchiectomy
Abstract

NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? Does endogenous testosterone modulate the consequences of intermittent hypoxia (IH) in the lungs of male mice? What is the main finding and its importance? Orchiectomized mice exposed to IH develop a pattern that is similar to emphysema or obstructive lung disease with elevated lung volumes, low pulmonary elastance during a methacholine challenge test and high counts of lymphocytes in bronchoalveolar lavages. Since low testosterone levels and other respiratory diseases are common in sleep apnoea, there is a clear clinical relevance to these results.ABSTRACT: We tested the hypothesis that low testosterone levels modulate the pulmonary responses to intermittent hypoxia (IH; used as a model of sleep apnoea (SA)) in male mice. We used intact (SHAM) or orchiectomized (ORX) mice exposed to IH for 14 days (12 h/day, 10 cycles/h, 6% oxygen) or to normoxia (Nx). We first measured ventilation and metabolic rates in freely behaving mice (whole-body plethysmography) and then respiratory mechanics in tracheotomized mice (flexiVent). We assessed the respiratory system resistance and elastance (E ), Newtonian resistance (resistance of the large airways), tissue damping and tissue elastance (H) under baseline conditions and during a methacholine challenge test. We also measured the quasi-static compliance and inspiratory capacity with partial pressure-volume loops. Finally, inflammatory cells were counted in the broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL) and we measured lung volume by water displacement. ORX-IH mice had higher tidal volume, inspiratory capacity and lung volume compared to the other groups, but showed signs of low efficiency of O exchange rate relative to minute ventilation. During the methacholine challenge, orchiectomy decreased the values of most mechanical parameters and IH reduced E and H leading to very low values in ORX-IH mice. Finally, the total number of cells and the number of lymphocytes in BAL were both increased by IH in ORX mice. Since reduced lung elasticity, low O extraction, increased lung volumes and inflammation are signs of emphysematous lung disease, we conclude that testosterone might prevent lung emphysema during IH exposures.

DOI10.1113/EP090050
Alternate JournalExp Physiol
PubMed ID34761830
Grant List162232 / / CIHR / Canada