Pre-Sleep Cognitive Arousal Is Negatively Associated with Sleep Misperception in Healthy Sleepers during Habitual Environmental Noise Exposure: An Actigraphy Study.

TitlePre-Sleep Cognitive Arousal Is Negatively Associated with Sleep Misperception in Healthy Sleepers during Habitual Environmental Noise Exposure: An Actigraphy Study.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsSharman, RL, Perlis, ML, Bastien, CH, Barclay, NL, Ellis, JG, Elder, GJ
JournalClocks Sleep
Volume4
Issue1
Pagination88-99
Date Published2022 Feb 24
ISSN2624-5175
Abstract

Specific noises (e.g., traffic or wind turbines) can disrupt sleep and potentially cause a mismatch between subjective sleep and objective sleep (i.e., "sleep misperception"). Some individuals are likely to be more vulnerable than others to noise-related sleep disturbances, potentially as a result of increased pre-sleep cognitive arousal. The aim of the present study was to examine the relationships between pre-sleep cognitive arousal and sleep misperception. Sixteen healthy sleepers participated in this naturalistic, observational study. Three nights of sleep were measured using actigraphy, and each 15-s epoch was classified as sleep or wake. Bedside noise was recorded, and each 15-s segment was classified as containing noise or no noise and matched to actigraphy. Participants completed measures of habitual pre-sleep cognitive and somatic arousal and noise sensitivity. Pre-sleep cognitive and somatic arousal levels were negatively associated with subjective-objective total sleep time discrepancy ( < 0.01). There was an association between sleep/wake and noise presence/absence in the first and last 90 min of sleep ( < 0.001). These results indicate that higher levels of habitual pre-sleep arousal are associated with a greater degree of sleep misperception, and even in healthy sleepers, objective sleep is vulnerable to habitual bedside noise.

DOI10.3390/clockssleep4010010
Alternate JournalClocks Sleep
PubMed ID35323164
PubMed Central IDPMC8947652