Impact of kidney transplantation on aortic stiffness and aortic stiffness index β0.

TitleImpact of kidney transplantation on aortic stiffness and aortic stiffness index β0.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsDesjardins, M-P, Sidibé, A, Fortier, C, Mac-Way, F, De Serres, S, Larivière, R, Spronck, B, Goupil, R, Agharazii, M
JournalJ Hypertens
Volume37
Issue7
Pagination1521-1528
Date Published2019 07
ISSN1473-5598
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Aorta, Arteries, Blood Pressure, Female, Humans, Interleukin-6, Kidney Transplantation, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Middle Aged, Postoperative Complications, Pulse Wave Analysis, Risk Factors, Stress, Mechanical, Vascular Stiffness
Abstract

BACKGROUND: In chronic kidney disease, the enhanced aortic stiffness increases risk of cardiovascular events. Kidney transplantation (KTx) may improve aortic stiffness; however, it is unclear whether the improvement of aortic stiffness is merely the outcome of the reduction of blood pressure (BP) post-KTx. Furthermore, the long-term trajectory of aortic stiffness remains uncertain, as activation of the immune system may have a negative long-term impact on arterial wall property.METHOD: Using aortic stiffness β0 as a BP-independent stiffness parameter, and a statistical adjustment for BP, we aimed to examine the early vs. late changes in aortic stiffness, and to define the characteristics of patients with favourable and unfavourable long-term trajectories of aortic stiffness. In this longitudinal study, aortic stiffness was assessed before, 3, 6 and 24 months after KTx in 79 individuals. Aortic stiffness was determined by carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV), and aortic stiffness index β0 was obtained by applying the stiffness parameter β0 theory to cf-PWV based on Bramwell-Hill's equation using a reference pressure.RESULTS: There was an early reduction of β0 3 months after KTx (29.0 ± 2.0 to 25.8 ± 1.2, P = 0.033) followed by a gradual increase at 6 (28.0 ± 1.4, P = 0.005 vs. 3 months) and 24 months (28.3 ± 1.3, P = 0.003 vs. 3 months). A late increase in β0 was associated with higher levels of the interleukin-6 (P = 0.029) even after adjustment for potential cofounders. Using statistical adjustments for BP showed similar results.CONCLUSION: Reduction of aortic stiffness index β0 3 months after KTx suggests that KTx leads to an early de-stiffening of the intrinsic mechanical properties of aorta. However, this improvement is followed by a later stiffening, which is associated with increased interleukin-6, suggesting that activation of the immune system may be involved in arterial wall remodelling in kidney recipients.

DOI10.1097/HJH.0000000000002058
Alternate JournalJ Hypertens
PubMed ID30747794
Grant ListNET-54008 / / CIHR / Canada