Glial phagocytic clearance in Parkinson's disease.

TitleGlial phagocytic clearance in Parkinson's disease.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsTremblay, M-È, Cookson, MR, Civiero, L
JournalMol Neurodegener
Volume14
Issue1
Pagination16
Date Published2019 04 05
ISSN1750-1326
Abstract

An emerging picture suggests that glial cells' loss of beneficial roles or gain of toxic functions can contribute to neurodegenerative conditions. Among glial cells, microglia and astrocytes have been shown to play phagocytic roles by engulfing synapses, apoptotic cells, cell debris, and released toxic proteins. As pathogenic protein accumulation is a key feature in Parkinson's disease (PD), compromised phagocytic clearance might participate in PD pathogenesis. In contrast, enhanced, uncontrolled and potentially toxic glial clearance capacity could contribute to synaptic degeneration. Here, we summarize the current knowledge of the molecular mechanisms underlying microglial and astrocytic phagocytosis, focusing on the possible implication of phagocytic dysfunction in neuronal degeneration. Several endo-lysosomal proteins displaying genetic variants in PD are highly expressed by microglia and astrocytes. We also present the evidence that lysosomal defects can affect phagocytic clearance and discuss the therapeutic relevance of restoring or enhancing lysosomal function in PD.

DOI10.1186/s13024-019-0314-8
Alternate JournalMol Neurodegener
PubMed ID30953527
PubMed Central IDPMC6451240