|Title||Characterization of a 3xTg-AD mouse model of Alzheimer's disease with the senescence accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8) background.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2018|
|Authors||Virgili, J, Lebbadi, M, Tremblay, C, St-Amour, I, Pierrisnard, C, Faucher-Genest, A, Emond, V, Julien, C, Calon, F|
|Date Published||2018 Apr|
No model fully recapitulates the neuropathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although the triple-transgenic mouse model of AD (3xTg-AD) expresses Aβ plaques and tau-laden neurofibrillary tangles, as well as synaptic and behavioral deficits, it does not display frank neuronal loss. Because old age is the most important risk factor in AD, senescence-related interactions might be lacking to truly establish an AD-like environment. To investigate this hypothesis, we bred the 3xTg-AD mouse with the senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8), a model of accelerated aging. We generated four groups of heterozygous mice with either the SAMP8 or SAMR1 (senescence-resistant-1) genotype, along with either the 3xTg-AD or non-transgenic (NonTg) genotype. Despite no differences among groups in total latency to escape the Barnes maze, a greater number of errors were noticed before entering the target hole in 19-month-old P8/3xTg-AD mice at day 5, compared to other groups. Postmortem analyses revealed increased cortical levels of phospho-tau (Thr231) in female P8/3xTg-AD mice (+277% vs. R1/3xTg-AD mice), without other tau-related changes. Female P8/3xTg-AD mice exhibited higher cortical soluble Aβ40 and Aβ42 concentrations (Aβ40, +85%; Aβ42, +35% vs. R1/3xTg-AD), whereas insoluble forms remained unchanged. Higher Aβ42 load coincided with increased astroglial activation in female P8/3xTg-AD mice, as measured with glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) (+57% vs. R1/3xTg-AD mice). To probe neuronal degeneration, concentrations of neuronal nuclei (NeuN) were measured, but no differences were detected between groups. Altogether, the SAMP8 genotype had deleterious effects on spatial memory and exerted female-specific aggravation of AD neuropathology without overt neurodegeneration in 3xTg-AD mice.